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  • Greenbrier Montessori

Cultivating Early Literacy and Mathematical Skills: The Montessori Approach at Greenbrier


Early literacy is a cornerstone in a young child's development and school readiness. It is a phase where children absorb knowledge about reading and writing, even before readying to read and write. This blog will delve into the foundations and components of early literacy, linking early literacy with mathematics, and shedding light on the importance of early literacy skills. We will explore concrete strategies for cultivating these skills, the pivotal role of parents and caregivers, and how technology can be harnessed to boost early literacy. If you're curious about paving the way for a successful learning journey for your toddler or preschooler, read on.

Importance of Early Literacy Skills

Early literacy skills form the basis of a child's ability to communicate, comprehend, and navigate the world around them. From recognizing letters and sounds to understanding vocabulary and grammar, literacy skills play a crucial role in all aspects of learning. Research has shown that children who develop strong literacy skills early in life are more likely to excel academically and become confident, lifelong readers. By exposing children to a rich variety of books, stories, and language experiences, parents and educators can ignite a love for reading and set the stage for academic success.

Components of Early Literacy

The mosaic of early literacy consists of several vital components. These include Phonological Awareness, Vocabulary Development, Print Awareness, and Comprehension Skills. Gaining proficiency in these areas provides a springboard for successful language development and educational journey.

Phonological Awareness

Phonological Awareness forms the heart of early literacy. It empowers children to identify and play around with the sounds in spoken language. This attribute acts as a strong predictor of children's success in learning to read and write. Key aspects include:

  • Recognizing and understanding rhyming words.

  • Combining and blending syllables into words.

  • Separating words into smaller units like syllables.

  • Distinguishing individual sounds (phonemes) in words.

Vocabulary Development

The acquisition of new words or vocabulary development plays a pivotal role in early literacy. Children learn language by listening to others talk. Vocabulary building is proportional to their hearing words often and in various contexts. An enriched vocabulary aids in understanding the meaning and use of words, thereby enhancing reading comprehension.

Print Awareness

Print Awareness refers to a child's understanding and recognition of print and books and the knowledge that printed text carries meaning. It helps children learn how text works and kickstarts their journey towards reading. Print

Awareness includes:

  • Understanding the orientation of a book.

  • Recognizing that words are read from left to right.

  • Differentiating between words and spaces.

  • Identifying different types of prints in the environment.

Comprehension Skills

Lastly, comprehension skills are essential components of early literacy. They involve the ability to understand and make sense of what is being read or heard. Mastery of comprehension skills helps children to interpret text, grasp storylines, draw inferences, and make important connections with their own experiences.

Nurturing Mathematical Skills

Mathematics is another fundamental component of early childhood education, providing children with the tools to solve problems, think critically, and reason logically. From counting and sorting objects to understanding patterns and shapes, mathematical skills are essential for everyday tasks and future academic pursuits. By incorporating hands-on activities, games, and real-world examples into their daily routines, parents and educators can help children develop a strong foundation in mathematics and build confidence in their abilities.

Components of Early Mathematical

Early mathematical development encompasses a range of foundational skills that lay the groundwork for more complex mathematical concepts later in life. Here are some key components of early mathematical development:

Number Sense

Number sense refers to a child's understanding of numbers and their relationships. This includes concepts such as counting, recognizing quantities, understanding one-to-one correspondence, and grasping the concept of more and less. Number sense lays the foundation for more advanced mathematical skills and is essential for problem-solving and reasoning.

Spatial Awareness

Spatial awareness involves understanding and perceiving the space around oneself, as well as the relationships between objects in that space. Early spatial skills include recognizing shapes, understanding spatial positions (e.g., above, below, next to), and developing an awareness of symmetry and patterns. Spatial awareness is crucial for tasks such as geometry, measurement, and navigation.


Measurement involves understanding the attributes of objects and how to compare and quantify them. Early measurement skills include concepts such as length, weight, volume, time, and temperature. Children develop measurement skills through hands-on exploration and activities that involve comparing, ordering, and estimating quantities.

Patterns and Sequencing

Recognizing and creating patterns and sequences is an important aspect of early mathematical development. Patterns can be visual, such as shapes or colors, or sequential, such as numbers or sounds. Developing an understanding of patterns and sequences helps children make predictions, identify relationships, and organize information.


Problem-solving skills involve using mathematical concepts and strategies to solve real-world problems and challenges. Early problem-solving skills include identifying problems, exploring solutions, and evaluating outcomes. Encouraging children to engage in open-ended, hands-on activities promotes critical thinking and problem-solving abilities.

Mathematical Language

Mathematical language refers to the vocabulary and symbols used to communicate mathematical ideas and concepts. Early exposure to mathematical language helps children develop a deeper understanding of mathematical concepts and enables them to communicate their mathematical thinking. Activities that incorporate mathematical language, such as counting rhymes, storybooks with mathematical themes, and discussions about mathematical concepts, support language development and mathematical understanding simultaneously.

By nurturing these components of early mathematical development through meaningful and engaging experiences, parents and educators can help children build a strong foundation for future mathematical learning and academic success.

Strategies for Supporting Early Literacy and Mathematical Development

There are many ways parents and educators can support the development of early literacy and mathematical skills in young children. Reading aloud to children from an early age exposes them to language and helps develop vocabulary, comprehension, and phonemic awareness. Incorporating math into everyday activities, such as counting steps, sorting laundry, or measuring ingredients while cooking, provides practical opportunities for children to apply mathematical concepts in real life. Additionally, creating a print-rich environment at home and in the classroom, filled with books, writing materials, and mathematical manipulatives, encourages children to explore and engage with literacy and mathematics on their own terms.


In nurturing early literacy and mathematical skills, parents and educators play pivotal roles in laying the foundation for a child's future academic success and lifelong learning journey. By recognizing the importance of early literacy and mathematical development and understanding the components that contribute to these skills, caregivers can implement strategies to support children's growth and exploration. From fostering a love for reading through engaging storytimes to providing hands-on experiences with numbers and shapes, there are countless opportunities to cultivate these essential skills in young learners. By embracing the interconnectedness of literacy and mathematics and creating environments rich in language, literature, and mathematical concepts, we can empower children to become confident, curious, and capable learners. Together, let's pave the way for a bright and promising future filled with endless possibilities for discovery and growth.


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